Companies within the Aerospace industry have long since recognised that although they compete to gain market share, they also share common challenges. In the past, they have created differing techniques and methods to try and achieve the same results. To address this, the aviation, space, and defence industry established the International Aerospace Quality Group (IAQG) for the purpose of achieving significant improvements in quality, delivery, safety, and reductions in cost, throughout the value stream. This organisation includes representation from companies in the Americas, Asia Pacific and Europe. One of the more tangible results of the group’s activities is the release of a number of industry recognised standards.
AS9145 Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) / Production Part Approval Process (PPAP) was released by the IAQG in November 2016 to document the common approach to be used for the advanced quality planning for new product designs, new process designs, changes to existing designs and processes, and also covering changes in sources of supply.
AS9145 defines a process for APQP, which culminates in a PPAP submission to the customer for approval. This submission comprises a documentation pack incorporating up to 11 Aerospace industry agreed product quality planning elements:
1) The design record
2) Design risk analysis (DFMEA)
3) Process flow diagram
4) Process risk analysis (PFMEA)
5) Control plan
6) Measurement system analysis (MSA)
7) Initial process capability studies
8) Packaging, preservation and labelling approvals
9) First article inspection report (FAIR)
10) Customer PPAP requirements
11) PPAP approval form
Element 10 gives the customer the opportunity to add additional requirements to the PPAP submission – see table below for examples:
Once the submission is reviewed by the customer, a disposition is made under one of the following 3 categories:
Whilst FAIR is typically used by the Aerospace industry to demonstrate that the supply organisation has a process which will produce all of the features on the design record to specification, it is PPAP which demonstrates that the supply organisation has a process which will produce product that meets the required right first time target, at the production rate required by the customer.
Industry Forum are pleased to announce the availability of a number of training courses in support of the techniques and methods suggested within the AS9145 standard:
To find out more about AS9145 APQP/PPAP and how Industry Forum can support your journey of improvement, email us or call us on +44 121 717 6600 to talk to one of our experts.
– July 2019 authored by Richard Hammond
A Bit More About Richard
Richard Hammond has over 30 years of auditing and consulting experience within automotive and aerospace sectors. He began his career at Rolls Royce Motors Plc, where he graduated to the role of Maintenance and Installation Engineer, before progressing to his current position as Principal Consultant at Industry Forum via Industrial Robotics and Certification Body Auditing. As a qualified SMMT trainer, Richard delivers the recognised International Automotive Task Force (IATF) ISO/TS16949 Certification Body Auditor training and evaluation. Richard is an approved IATF Witness Auditor and delivers Core Tools training (APQP, PPAP, SPC, MSA, FMEA and Control Plan) into major aerospace and automotive OEMs and tier 1 suppliers.
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